LASER is an acronym for Light amplification by the stimulated emission of radiation. A Laser is used in dentistry in many areas like caries prevention, bleaching, would healing, removal of hyperplastic tissue uncovering impacted tooth, gingival re contouring, crown lengthening etc
In Confydentz at guntur, specialists use Lasers in Gum surgeries to reduce the microorganisms in periodontal pockets, root planning and debridement which in turn helps patients to heal faster
LASERS have numerous applications in dentistry. Few of them are:
Laser procedures are divided into hard tissue and soft tissue procedures. Hard tissue procedures involving the tooth structure whereas soft tissue procedures for periodontal treatment.
Since 1990 LASERS are being used extensively in dentistry. LASERS are very comfortable when compared to the conventional dental drill/Surgical blade. It is a painless procedure and there is very minimal need of Local anesthesia. In patients who are uncomfortable with dental drill/surgical blade, LASER treatment is the best option which reduces anxiety in those patients. Bleeding and swelling are also very minimal. Treatment with LASERS is safe and effective. A wide range of dental procedures can be done with LASER and are often used along with other instruments. It is a FDA approved procedure.
LASER gum surgery is painless and there will be no significant impact on the patients.
Patients can return to work from very next day. Patients can manage with any discomfort just with the simple pain medication given.
In patients with serious medical conditions like diabetes and heart disease also, LASER gum surgery is the treatment of choice. Patients who are on medication and cannot be treated by conventional procedures can be treated by LASER. Bleeding is minimal and bacterial infection is much minimized in LASER treatment procedures. The clotting and sterilizing properties of LASER are good.
Key differences between traditional gum surgery and LASER gum surgery are
|Dental Lasers||Conventional Surgery|
|Pain||Very minimal||Need NSAIDs|
|Gum Recession||Very minimal||Present over long term|
|Long term results||Excellent tissue regeneration||Relatively less|
|Other medications||No need to stop medications||Sometimes requires to stop other medications|
|Cutting and stitching||Not required||Needs cutting and stitching|
LASER gum surgery is definitely more expensive than the traditional treatment because of cost of the equipment incurred. However the benefits of LASER therapy outweigh the cost as there are many advantages such as minimal pain, minimal bleeding and minimal inflammation and quick healing. Higher rate of patient satisfaction is seen in LASER gum treatment. It is safest possible gum treatment in some patients.
LASER gum therapy is performed in one long session of 2-3 hours in many cases, to treat the periodontal disease. It can also be done in two sessions, with one week apart each taking about 1-1/2hours.
The action of LASER is quick, bacteria or tissues can be removed in few minutes. Depending on the severity of gum disease and size and number of areas treated, gum therapy requires single or several visits.
LASER produces a very narrow, intense beam of light. LASER work by delivering energy in the form of highly concentrated beam of light and heat. It works as infrared light is easily absorbed by water and gum tissues contain more water content. It acts as a cutting instrument & it also acts as vaporizer by causing a reaction when kept in contact with the tissue.
Benefits of LASERS
Bacterial Plaque is the main cause of Gum Disease. A sticky, colorless film of Bacteria that constantly forms on your teeth is called Plaque or bacterial Plaque.Many Bacteria which are present in this Plaque are harmless, but some Bacteria are harmful and are the cause for Gum Disease. If Plaque is not removed it hardens, which is called Calculus (tartar). Brushing and flossing cannot remove Calculus. The supporting tissues and bone around the teeth are destroyed by the Bacteria in the Plaque. The Gums around the tooth become swollen and moves away from tooth forming pockets. As Disease progresses, more Gum and bone tissue is destroyed and teeth become loose, which eventually exfoliate.
The stages of Gum Diseases are:
1. Gingivitis (most well known and mild form of Gum Disease)
2. Early or Mild Periodontitis (more advanced stage of Gingivitis).
3. Moderate Periodontitis
4. Advanced Periodontitis
Bleeding of Gums is the sign for Gum Disease. As there is no pain in Gingivitis or Periodontitis, you will not be aware of Disease
Treatments for Gum Diseases: Gum Diseases can be treated in two ways:
A) Non-surgical treatments for Gum Diseases
B) Surgical treatments for Gum Diseases
Health of your mouth certainly affects the health of your whole body. There is a strong association between Gum Disease and heart disease, diabetes and stroke. Bacteria from Gums enter blood stream and settle in the coronary arteries thus causing heart diseases.
“Without Periodontal health, you can’t have good general health”
Preterm or low birth weight babies
Habits to be cultivated as daily routine to prevent Gum Disease
Withpatients’ vigilance and good oral hygiene practices you can prevent the return of Periodontal diseases. Maintenance therapy is important.
When excessive gingival tissue is covering the anatomical crown of tooth causing Gummy smile, Gingival surgery (Gingivoplasty) is done. The Gingival margin is positioned apically without exposing the root surface. A new surgical technique involves both Gingival recontouring and traction and containment surgery of elevator muscle of upper lip and wing of nose (EMULWN)
REASONSTO CORRECT A GUMMY SMILE
CAUSESOF GUMMY SMILES
TREATMENT OPTIONS for Gummy smiles
REDUCES : The excess movement of a hyperactive upper lip muscle
REATTACHES : The lip closer towards the teeth
DOES NOT : Require hospitalization and can be performed under local anesthetic
EXPOSES : More of the tooth through the reshaping of bone and Gum tissue
CAN BE : Done on one or more teeth, or the entire Gum line
NORMALLY : Only require local anesthetic to reshape targeted areas
Jaw Corrective Surgery / Orthognathic Surgery
INDICATED : When there is abnormal upper jaw growth Pattern
RELAPSES : Very minimal
REQUIRE : General Anesthesia